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Gastric Sleeve Complications Overview
The gastric sleeve procedure is one of the surgeries that can aid loss of weight in patients suffering from obesity. It includes removing more than 50% of the stomach and attaching the open ends with surgical staples that forms a tube or sleeve.
The latest in medical technology allows patients to undergo a Laparoscopic or keyhole surgery which does not leave behind any type of scars. However, this procedure is performed only on those patients that are extremely obese and have no other ways to lose weight.
Not only is the surgery is irreversible but it can also lead to several complications:
Increase in Weight
Although the surgical procedure is performed so that obese patients can lose weight, at times, patients do experience an increase in weight. If they continue to indulge in foods with high caloric values, the procedure will not produce significant results.
People who have a high body mass index will find that they will have to undergo a second gastric sleeve procedure to reduce weight.
The gastric sleeve is created by stapling the open ends of the stomach. There is a possibility of the staples becoming loose, leading to the formation of leaks.
These leaks may contain gastric content and fluids which, if exposed, to other organs can become fatal. Patients will have to undergo a second operation as soon as such leaks are discovered.
Aversion to Food and Nausea
This is one of the common complications that arise from weight loss surgeries especially gastric sleeve procedures.
Most surgeons attribute it to being psychological, but many patients find it hard to harbor the thought of even consuming food, let alone its smell. They can be plagued by nausea which can be a long-term condition.
However, this can be dangerous as the body will begin to suffer form malnutrition leading to other diseases caused by vitamin and mineral deficiencies such as anemia and osteoporosis.
Blood Clots and Infections
After the surgery, patients are advised to remain immobile for some time. During this period, clots can form in the veins of the leg due to inactivity.
To avoid this, patients are prescribed medications that thin the blood.
Doctors also recommend hoisting the leg and small exercises that prevent clotting of blood. Risk of infection is an inherent factor of every surgical procedure.
However, after a gastric sleeve surgery, the chances of infection increase exponentially as the gastric juices and content from the leakage of sleeves could infect any of the several incisions made in the stomach.
Although an additional operation may be required if it is a major infection, antibiotics are prescribed if the infection is minor.